As the name suggests, kennel cough is most likely to occur in a setting with many dogs, such as a kennel or at a dog groomer.
However, it is important to note that since this virus is spread via aerosol route, it is common for kennel cough to affect dogs in cities where there is a lot of dog-to-dog interaction while walking down the streets. It is also frequently passed around at dog parks and through shared water bowls.
“Kennel cough is kind of an interesting thing because it’s really a constellation of about 10-20 different bacteria and viruses that can cause coughing; it sounds like croup in kids,” Jones said, adding that bordetella is the disease that’s the most common and most often vaccinated for.
When dogs visit a boarding facility, it’s often stressful for them, Jones said. That means their immune system is down and more susceptible to diseases like kennel cough. Overall, Jones said that many contagious diseases can be taken care of through vaccinations. “A lot of it is educating our owners based on exposure of what their pet does and what diseases we’re worried about and how often we’re vaccinating for them,” he said.
Your veterinarian can advise you on what vaccinations would be good for your dog, depending on your location and your dog’s risk factors.