American Eskimo: Coming Into Its Own
Despite its name, the all-white or white-and-biscuit-colored American Eskimo Dog has no link whatsoever to Eskimo culture. This breed developed in the United States, first gaining attention as an entertainer in traveling circuses during the late 19th century, according to the American Kennel Club. The American Eskimo is a member of the spitz family, which includes the German Spitz, the white Keeshound, the white Pomeranian, and the Volpino Italiano, also known as the white Italian Spitz.
The breed has a thick, double coat, pointed ears, and a plumed, curling tail, and comes in three sizes. Officially recognized by the AKC in 1994, the American Eskimo is a relatively new breed that’s sometimes confused with the Samoyed, which is a much larger dog. But AKC Vice President Gina DiNardo says that’s happening less and less as the “Eskie” gets more popular. “I think people are starting to get to know them,” she says.