Feline stomatitis is an extremely painful condition caused by severe inflammation or ulceration of the tissues lining the oral cavity (gums, cheek, tongue, etc.).
Although some breeds such as Himalayans and Persians may be predisposed to this condition, stomatitis is seen in all breeds of cats and can begin before a cat even reaches 1 year of age.
Cats who develop stomatitis have extremely reddened, inflamed mouths and resist having their teeth examined. They often have reduced appetites due to the pain caused by eating, and in severe cases, they can develop malnourishment because it is so painful to eat.
While mild cases may respond to medical care and home care such as toothbrushing, the best results are seen with surgical cleaning, removal of the affected tissues and tooth extractions using dental X-rays to confirm complete removal of the roots.
While this may seem extreme, many cats show amazing progress and return to normal eating habits very quickly after the surgery, even if multiple teeth are extracted.