breed

V

v muscle

Term used to refer to the muscles in a horse’s chest that appear to look like an upside-down V.

vaginitis

A medical condition in which the vagina becomes inflamed.

valgus

Term used to indicate something that is bent out.

valine

An amino acid that occurs naturally in the body.

valvotomy

An incision into a membrane or valve; done surgically.

vane

The webby part of a bird’s feather; very thin and fragile.

variant

Anything that has been recognized as to be not what would be accepted as normal.

variety hybrid

A cross hybrid that is made up of two different variations of the same species of animal.

vas deferens

The term used to refer to the tube that carries sperm into the pelvis in the direction of the urethra.

vasculitis

Any inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph.

vasectomized

Term used to refer to a male animal that has been surgically altered to keep them from properly producing live sperm.

vasectomy

A surgical procedure in which the tube used to carry sperm into the pelvis is removed; in most cases the sexual urges are still there although the live sperm is not.

vasoconstrictor

Any substance that makes the blood vessels smaller in size.

vasotocin

A type of hormone that is used to stimulate oviposition in birds; similar in nature to oxytocin.

vat

Term used to refer to a large tub or container used to hold liquids; may be used to dip animals into.

vection

The action of passing a disease from one organism to another organism.

vector

A carrier of a disease; helps to move a disease from one animal to the next.

venipuncture

The act of taking blood out of a vein with the help of a syringe and needle.

ventral midline incision

Term used to refer to an incision that is made along the midsection of the abdomen.

ventricle

a) A cavity in certain animals b) Term refers to a rear chamber in the heart or a cavity in the brain

ventriculus

The stomach in certain birds; may also be referred to as the gizzard.

ventrodorsal projection

A beam that passes from the stomach to the back; an x-ray beam

vermicide

Anything that is designed to kill worms or other parasites; anthelmintic substance

vermifuge

Any chemical that causes worms or parasitic worms to be expelled from an animal’s body

verminous

Anything having to do with worms or occurring as the result of worms

vermis

A worm

verrucae

Body warts

vertebra

A bone in the spinal column

vertebrates

Term used to refer to animals that have a spine or backbone, including fish and mammals

vertical transmission

The transfer of a disease from the mother to the fetus

vestibular disease

Any disorder of the neurons that may be characterized by rolling, circling, falling, etc.

vestibule

The foremost portion of the nose and nasal cavity; includes the nostrils

viable

Indicates that something is able to live inside the mother

vigor

Health; possessing of a great deal of energy

vilitis

A medical condition involving a horse’s hoof; the wall becomes inflamed and causes pain

viremia

A medical condition in which a virus is found in the blood of an animal

virile

A term used to refer to a male capable of copulation

virucide

A chemical or substance that is designed to kill a virus; disinfects

virulence

The ability that a certain organism has to create disease

virulent

Having the strength to cause disease; deadly in nature; pathogenic

virustatic

Anything that is known to keep a virus from multiplying

visceral

Anything pertaining to an organ

vitreous chamber

The area inside the rear of the eyeball

vitreous humor

A type of jelly-like substance that is found inside the vitreous chamber

viviparous

Capable of or having borne live young

voiding

The process of elimination when it comes to the bowels or the bladder

vomitus

Any material that has been ejected through vomiting

vulva

The genitalia of a female; found on the outside