breed

U

ubiquitous

A term used to indicate that something has the potential to happen all over, such as the presence of the house fly.

udder

The organ used to produce milk in horses and ruminant animals; may also be referred to as the animal’s bag.

udder cannula

A tube-shaped tool that is designed to help inject a type of medicine into the teat.

ulcer

A loss of tissue on top, exposing the tissue underneath it.

umbilicus

The spot in the wall of the abdomen in which the umbilical cord connects with the fetus; may also be referred to as the navel.

undercoat

Hairs under the initial coat that are finer and softer than the outer coat

underfur

The thick, shorter hair that is found beneath an animal’s long, coarse coat

undershot jaw

A medical condition in which the lower part of the jaw protrudes beneath the upper part of the jaw

understocking

The process of putting fewer animals in a particular area than a certain area would normally be able to handle.

ungulate

A word used to denote animals that have hooves

unilateral

A condition of having only one side

unipera

Term used to refer to an animal that has one offspring at a time

unipolar

Only having one end

unsex

The process of removing the reproductive organs of an animal; to castrate or remove the ovaries

unshod

Term used to indicate a horse that has no shoes on the underside of its hooves

upbreeding

The process of using a breed with superior qualities and mating it with one with less desirable qualities in order to improve the breed

upper respiratory tract

The section of the respiratory system that contains the mouth, nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and epiglottis.

upstanding

A term used to refer to an animal that is tall and/or lanky

urea

The product of protein being metabolized; can be found in blood or urine.

uremia

Waste in the blood; may also be referred to as uremic poisoning.

uremic

A condition in which waste builds up in the bloodstream

ureter

The tubular shaft found between the kidneys and the bladder

ureteractasis

A medical condition in which the ureter becomes distended.

ureterectomy

The process of surgically removing the ureter

ureterolith

A condition in which a stone is found in the ureter.

ureteroplasty

The process of surgically repairing the ureter after illness or damage

ureterostenosis

A medical condition in which the ureter becomes narrow or constricted

urethra

A tube found between the bladder and the outside of the body; used to assist in urination.

urethritis

A medical condition in which the urethra becomes inflamed

urethrostomy

The creation of an opening between the skin and the urethra by surgical means

urinalysis

An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness

urinary calculus

A mineral deposit in the urinary system; this is an abnormal condition.

urinary catheterization

The process of inserting a tube into the urethra and into the bladder as a method of extracting urine.

urinary incontinence

A medical condition; implies that the patient is unable to control their urination.

urinary retention

A medical condition; implies that the patient is unable to completely empty their bladder

urinary tract infection

Also referred to as a UTI; a medical condition of the urinary tract and system in which the cells are damaged by microorganisms.

urodeum

Part of the cloaca; the area where the ureter and vagina open up.

urolith

A stone that can be found in the urinary bladder; may also be referred to as a cystolith.

urolithiasis

A medical condition in which the bladder is filled in full or in part with bladder stones.

urologist

A medical professional who specializes in the study of the urinary system.

urology

The study of the workings of the urinary tract and system.

uropoiesis

The bodily process in which urine is produced and excreted.

uropygial gland

The term for the gland near the tail feather that produces oil to create a waterproof characteristic in a bird; may also be referred to as the preen gland.

urticaria

A swollen area that is known to itch; may also be referred to as a hive.

uterine involution

The process in which the uterus returns to normal size after parturition.

uterus

The hollow bodily organ that holds the embryo and fetus and provides nourishment; only found in female animals.

utricle

A sac inside the inner ear of an animal; partly responsible for an animal’s sense of balance.

uvea

The term used to refer to the part of the eye containing the iris, the cilia, and the choroid.

uveitis

A medical condition in which the uvea becomes inflamed.