breed

T

tabby

The term for a type of fur on cats that have two colors, spotted or striped

tachycardia

A medical condition in which the patient has an abnormally fast heartbeat

tachypnea

The term for rapid breathing

tack

Equipment used for riding horses or driving horses

tackling

The harness of a draft horse

tacky

The term for an animal in poor physical condition

tail autotomy

The ability of a lizard to shed its tail

tail band

The crupper on a horse’s harness

tail head

The part of the tail where it attaches to the body

tail set

A device that is used to force a horse to hold its tail up high; may also refer to the position of the tail on an animal

tailed

The term for an animal whose tail has been docked or removed

tailing

A type of restraint method used for cattle in which the tail is grabbed and raised; may also be called tail jacking

taint

The contamination of milk; may also indicate the contamination of something

talon

The claw of a bird, usually found on birds of prey

taper needle

The term for a needle with a round tip; it allows for piercing of tissue without allowing it to be torn

tapetum

A single layer of cells

tapeworm

A type of parasitic worm; it is flat and made up of segments

tarsectomy

The removal of the tarsal plate by surgery

tarsorrhaphy

The medical procedure in which the eyelids are sutured together

taxonomy

The science of classifying animals into species, family, genus, etc.

teased

A way of finding out whether or not a mare is in heat by putting a stallion in front of her and seeing if she accepts

teaser

The term for animals whose sole purpose is to stimulate an animal for the purpose of coitus

teat

A nipple, as in on ruminants and equine animals

teat cistern

A cavity in an animal’s udder where milk is collected before it leaves through the teat

teat cup

The part of the milking machine that fastens to the animal’s teat; this is where the milk is drawn out into.

teat dipping

The dipping of the teat into a type of disinfectant as a means of preventing mastitis

tendinitis

The inflammation of bodily tendons

tendon

A connective tissue that attaches muscles to bones

tenectomy

The removal of a tendon or part of a tendon by surgery

teniae

Bands of muscle that are smooth in texture

tenotomy

The division of a tendon by surgery

teratogen

Any agent that causes the appearance of defects in the development of embryos

teratogenic

Something capable of producing defects in a fetus

testicle

The sex organ of male animals; used in the production of sperm

testis

The male sex organ used to produce spermatozoa

testostoerne

The male sex hormone, used in sex drive and the development of masculine qualities

tetanus

A type of nervous system disease in which the patient is unable to regain control over certain muscles, usually those in the neck and jaw

tetany

Muscle spasms

tethering

The restraining of an animal by tying it to a post

tetraplegia

The paralysis of an animal’s four limbs; quadriplegia

tetraploid

A type of organism with four haploid sets of chromosomes in its cells

thalamus

The part of the diencephalon that is responsible for the transmission of sensory impulses

theriogenologist

A person whose profession is to study the reproductive systems in animals

theriogenology

The reproductive cycles of animals

thiamin

Vitamin B

third ventricle

The cavity that connects to the fourth ventricle in the diencephalon

thoracic

Pertaining to the chest

thoracic cavity

A space in the chest that holds the ribs, heart, and lungs; the chest cavity

thoracocentesis

The puncturing of a hole in the wall of the chest as a means of drawing out fluid or air

thoracotomy

An incision made into the chest wall

thremmatology

The breeding of plants and animals for domestic purposes

thriftiness

The ability of an animal to use food properly

throatlatch

The part of the bridle that holds the brindle under the head

thrombocyte

A type of nucleated cell used for clotting

thrombosis

A type of medical condition in which thrombus is created within the blood vessels

thrombus

The collection of blood that is attached to the inside of a wall or vein

thurl

Another word for a horse’s thigh

thymectomy

The removal of the thymus by surgical means

thymoma

A neoplasm that occurs as related to the thymus

thymus

A gland found near the midline of the chest cavity; found mostly in young animals

thyroid gland

A gland found in the neck of humans and animals that secretes glands responsible for metabolic rate, calcitonin, and others.

thyroidectomy

The removal of all of the thyroid gland or just part of it through surgical means

thyroiditis

A medical condition in which the thyroid gland becomes inflamed

thyromegaly

The enlargement of all or part of the thyroid gland

tickborne

Anything that can be transmitted through ticks

tissue

A group of cells designated for specialized function that is similar in function to one another

toe mark

The act of punching holes in the membrane between the toes of birds; this is used for identification purposes

toed out

The term that is used to describe an animal that walks with his feet pointed outwards

tomentose

An animal whose coat is made up of short hairs

tonic

A medicine that is used to make the bodily system healthier as a whole; may also refer to certain contractions of the muscles

tonometer

A type of instrument that is used to measure intraocular pressure

tonsillitis

A medical condition in which the tonsils are inflamed

tooth float

A tool that is used to fill the teeth of horses

topcoat

The term for hairs on a coat that are smooth and stiff; may also be known as guard hairs

topknot

A crest of feathers atop the head of certain birds, usually just for aesthetic purposes

torticollis

A medical condition in which the cervical muscles are contracted and cause the neck to be tense as well.

tortoise shell

A type of fur found on felines in which the coat is splotched with orange and black

tourniquet

A type of band that is used to assist in the drawing of blood or to stop bleeding

toxemia

A condition of the blood in which the blood is poisoned due to the absorption of poisons

toxicity

The state of being poisonous or having poisonous qualities

trachea

The windpipe; it carries air from the bronchi to the mouth

tracheitis

A medical condition in which the windpipe is inflamed

tracheoplasty

The medical procedure in which the windpipe is surgically altered or repaired

tracheostomy

The creation of an opening into the trachea, usually for the insertion of a tube

tracheotomy

An incision into the trachea

trailing

The driving of types of livestock from place to place

transovarially

Moving across an ovary or through the ovary

transplacentally

Movement across or through a placenta

transverse plane

A line (imaginary) that divides the body into cranial and caudal; may also be referred to as the horizontal plane.

trematode

A type of parasitic flatworm, like the liver fluke found in sheep

tremor

Trembling involuntarily

trephine

An instrument, much like a saw, that is used to cut into bone and tissue

trichobezoar

A ball of hair

triglyceride

A type of lipid that moves through the bloodstream

trisomic

The term used to refer to an organism with three chromosomes of the same type

trocar

A type of needle-like tool that is used to puncture a cavity and draw out fluid or air

trochanter

A broad projection of a bone, usually large and flat

tryer

A stallion that is used for determining whether or not a female is in heat

tryptophan

A type of amino acid that is essential for the rebuilding and repair of damaged tissues in humans and animals

tubbing

The positioning of a horse’s foot in a tub of hot water and washing soda as a means of softening the hoof

tuberculin

A biological agent that is used to determine or detect the presence of tuberculosis in animals and humans

tuberosity

A type of elevation

tumor

A mass of tissue with no real function; may be malignant or benign

tunica

A membrane-like covering

turbinates

Bones inside the nasal cavity

turgor

The fullness of something due to the amount of fluid inside it

turken

The offspring (female) of a turkey cock and a hen

tusk

A large or overgrown tooth in a boar

tympanic bulla

The chambers that hold the middle ear at the bottom of the skull

tympany

The detection of free gas with the use of resonance