breed

G

gait

The term used to describe the movement of an animal

gaited

A rhythmic type of movement of an animal, usually of a horse

galactogogue

A substance that promotes a healthy flow down of milk

galactose

A type of sugary substance that is obtained from lactose by the hydrolytic process

gallop

A fast gait of three beats, faster than a trot

gambrel

A type of rod that is used to support animals during butchering

gamete

A sex cell or germ cell

gametogenosis

The process that involves the production of gametes

ganer

The term for a male goose

ganglion

A mass of nerve cells outsider of the central nervous system

gangrene

Necrosis of a body part that can be attributed to poor circulation

garget

Changes in the udder that often result in mastitis

gastrectomy

Removal of all or just a portion of the stomach by surgery

gastric

Anything having to do with the stomach

gastric dilation

A condition of canines in which the stomach tends to fill with air and expand

gastritis

A medical condition in which the stomach becomes inflamed

gastroenteritis

A medical condition in which the small intestine and stomach become inflamed

gastroenterologist

A person who specializes in the study of the small intestine and stomach

gastroenterology

The study of the stomach and small intestine

gastrointestinal

The digestive tract containing the stomach and intestine

gastropexy

The fixation of the stomach to the wall of the abdomen through surgery

gastroscopy

The examination of the stomach with an endoscope

gastrostomy

The production of an opening between the stomach and abdominal wall through surgery

gastrotomy

An incision made into the stomach

gavage

The administration of medication through stomach tube

gee

A command for a horse that tells them to turn right

geld

The term used to refer to an animal that is sterile or the act of sterilizing an animal

gelding

A horse or mule that has been castrated

gene

A unit of inheritance; something that is passed down (as in a trait)

gene pool

The pool of genetic bases made available to breeders for the use of improving their stock

gene transfer

The act of moving a gene from one living thing to another

genera

The plural form of the word ‘genus.’

generation

A group of living things that were born along the same time

generic drug

A drug that is not sold under a brand name or trademark but bears the same qualities and effects

genesis

The origin of a living thing

genetic

Referring to genes or traits that are inherited

genetic base

The animals that a producer has available to them for breeding

genetic drift

The slow and gradual shifts in a species that occur over time due to environmental causes or some unknown cause

genetic engineering

The act of altering the way that genes work with the help of science; human intervention with natural genetics

genetics

The study of the laws of inheritance n living things; may also be referred to as breeding

genital

Having to do with the sex organs

genitalia

The name for the reproductive organs

genome

A set of chromosomes that are inherited from a parent

genotoxicity

The quality of having the ability to damage genetic material or DNA

genotype

The makeup of an individual expressed in genes

genus

The species that a living thing has descended from

germ

Any micro organism with pathogenic capabilities, like a bacteria or virus

germicide

Any substance that can kill germs

gestation

The period that an animal is pregnant in which the fetus develops from conception to birth

gestation period

The length of time that an animal is with child, varies from species to species

gib

The term for a ferret that has been neutered (male).

gigantism

A medical condition in which part or all of the body tends to overgrow

gilt

The term for a young pig that has not given birth to young yet (female)

gingiva

Another word for the gums; the membrane around the teeth and the lining of the mouth

gingivectomy

Surgical process in which part of the gum tissue is removed

gingivitis

A medical condition in which the gums become inflamed

giraffe step

A step for exhibition done by trained horses

girth

The measure of the distance around the body of an animal behind its shoulders

gizzard

The muscular stomach in birds

glabrous

The quality of being smooth and without hair

gland cistern

An area on the udder where milk pools before it enters and then leaves the teat

glans penis

The bulge at the end of the penis of an animal

glaucoma

A disorder that has resulted from intraocular pressure

glomerulonephritis

A medical condition in which the glomeruli become inflamed

glomerulus

A group or clumps of capillaries

glossitis

A medical condition in which the tongue becomes inflamed

glottis

The apparatus used to make the voice in living things

gloves

A term used to describe an animal with white paws

glucagon

A hormone that increases the amount of glucose in the blood; secreted by the pancreas

glutinous

Something that is sticky in substance

glycolytic

Something that has to do with the breakdown of sugar to lactic acid

glycosuria

Glucose in the urine of an animal

goatling

A female goat that is less than two years of age that has not yet had a kid

gobby

A lump of fat on an animal’s body, usually a sheep or cow

goiter

An enlargement of the thyroid due to an iodine deficiency

golden bay

An animal’s coat that is yellowish-red in color

gonad

The gland that produces the gametes in male and female animals

gonadotropin

A hormone that gives stimulation to the gonads

goniometry

A procedure that is used to determine the angle at which the eye drains

goniotomy

An incision that is made into the anterior chamber of the eye as a method of glaucoma treatment

gore

To pierce the body of a living thing with horns

gosling

A young goose or a goose that has recently hatched

gossypol

A type of material that is found in the cotton plant; it is toxic to some animals with simple stomachs like swine

grade

An animal with one parent of pure descent and one of unknown breeding or impure breeding

grade animal

The term for an animal with ancestors that is not purely bred

graded eggs

Eggs that have been sorted for their quality and size

grading

The process of classifying products or animals into levels of quality

grading up

The act of improving a flock by mating in purebred sires to improve the offspring, eventually making offspring eligible for registration as a purely bred animal

graft

A part of tissue or organ that is used for transplant

grain fed

The term used for animals that are fattened by feeding of grain

gram

A unit of weight in the metric system, about 0.035 ounces

gram stain

A method of staining to identify bacteria under a microscope

grand mal seizure

A type of seizure in which the patient’s muscles contract and they lose consciousness

granular

Appearing like particles or small granules in texture

granulocyte

A type of cell in which there are grain-like parts in the cytoplasm

grass fattened

A type of cattle or other animal that has been fed at pasture rather than feed concentrate or grain

gray roan

The term for a horse whose coat color is gray mixed with roan

graze

The eating of grasses and plants that are low to the ground

graze out

To let animals feed on grasses or plants until they are completely gone from the area

grazing

The act of feeding animals with a range or pasture

grease

Fat or lanolin

green broke

The term for a horse that has been ridden just once or twice and is not fully saddle broken

green geese

The term for geese that are fed quickly and marketed at ten weeks of age or thereabout at about 10 to 12 pounds

green hay

The term for hay that is still green after it has been cured

green pellet

A pellet that is made from alfalfa or green roughage

gregariousness

A tendency for animals to flock together as a herd

gristle

Cartilage on bones

groin

The area between the abdomen and thighs; the inguinal area

groom

To wash or brush or otherwise care for the appearance of an animal

grooming chute

A chute in which cattle is confined while they are groomed for show

grower pig

A pig that is anywhere from 50 to 100 pounds in weight

growth

An increase in size or weight; may also refer to a tumor or gall

growth hormone

The hormones that stimulate growth of the body

grub hole

A wound in an animal’s skin that is caused by the larva of the cattle grub

grulla

a grayish black coloring in many animals, such as the American quarter horse.

gullet

Another word for ‘esophagus’.

gummer

Any sheep or goat that has no teeth

guttural pouch

A pouch filled with air in the Eustachian tube in horses

gynandromorph

A living thing in which part of the body exhibits characteristics of a female and other parts display those of a male

gyp-rope

A type of rope used in training or exercising a horse

gyrus

A part of something that is elevated