Insulin is used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus in dogs and cats. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps convert your pet’s food into energy by allowing the uptake of sugar by cells. By allowing this uptake and use of sugar, insulin decreases the blood glucose concentrations in the body. When you pet does not produce insulin, sugar can’t enter cells, your pet’s body cannot create fat, sugar, or protein. This also results in a dangerously high blood glucose level.
Insulin replaces the insulin that your pet’s body does not produce. The type of insulin you give to your pet is a synthetic hormone derived from pigs or cows.
Some forms of insulin need to be refrigerated, pay close attention to the manufacturer’s label. DO NOT FREEZE. Protect from heat and sunlight. Do not use if past the expiration date.
Insulin must be given to your pet by an injection 1 to 2 times a day. Because it is a protein, the acids in the stomach would digest it if you were to administer it orally.
The proper dose of insulin is determined by your veterinarian through a series of glucose level tests. It is best to give this drug to a pet with a full stomach. It is best to give insulin right after a meal.
DO NOT SHAKE THE BOTTLE OF INSULIN
Proper handling of insulin:
Give the dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose, and continue with the regular schedule. Do not give your pet two doses at once.
If you are concerned, consult your veterinarian for more exact instructions.
Insulin may result in these side effects:
If you notice mild side effects or strange behavior from your pet, the dosage of insulin may need adjusting, and you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible to schedule a series of glucose tests.
If you notice signed of hypoglycemia — disorientation, lethargy, increased appetite, nausea, rapid heartbeat, unsteadiness, or seizures — contact your veterinarian IMMEDIATELY, as this is an emergency situation.
Many drugs can alter your pet’s body’s need for insulin. Be sure to notify your veterinarian of your pet’s full medical history and all medications that they are currently taking. Insulin may react with these drugs:
DO NOT GIVE INSULIN TO PETS WITH A PORK OR BEEF ALLERGY
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