A. Diet recommendations vary depending on the cause of the urinary tract problem and some are suitable for a limited number of issues and some are more flexible but your vet can advise on the most suitable options in light of urine tests and sediment exam and if a bacterial infection which requires antibiotics is also present at the same time. Urinary diets to treat crystaluria alter the pH and salt/mineral content of urine in order to minimize crystal formation, some of which require acid and some alkaline changes in order to treat successfully. Most diets will also encourage urine dilution in order to wash out the bladder more frequently and reduce the risk of crystal sedimentation, in some cases wet food is recommended in order to further increase this effect and water intake should be encouraged with rain/bottled water, fresh water fountains and even flavored water in conjunction with all diets. Multiple water bowls and litter trays should be available especially in busy or multicat households to encourage regular use and prevent urine retention
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