A. Unfortunately, without seeing your kitty's anus, I cannot give you precise advice. Your kitty's anal sacs may be impacted or overly full and might need to mbe examined by a vet, and possibly emptied. If your cat is licking the area excessively, if the anus is discolored, red, looks inflamed, then that would certainly point to such a problem. There may be other reasons, but without seeing the area, I cannot say. Best schedule a vet appointment for a "hands-on" exam.
A. The underlying cause for it needs to be diagnosed and treated. Anal gland impaction or persistent diarrhoea/ loose feces are common possible causes for it. I would recommend to take her to your veterinarian for a check up.
A. If your pets anal area is swollen and there was diarrhea before this happened, then there are two possible scenarios here
1) Your pet has severe colitis and needs antibiotics (Metronidazole helps with GI issues and inflammation of the gut) prescribed by a veterinarian. They will also recommend a bland diet of boiled chicken and rice or cottage cheese or a low fat dog formula like Hill's I/D or over the counter Purina EN Gastrointestinal and potential probiotics (you can try Culturelle it works great).
2) If the swelling is actually to the side of the anus then this could be an impacted anal gland- which also should be treated and express by a veterinarian.
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